JA2011

Joint Action 2011

The Joint Market Surveillance Action on GPSD Products 2011 is a pan-European action that focussed on Child Care Articles (wheeled child conveyances and baby bath tubs) Battery Chargers, Lawn mowers, and Fireworks.

Timeline: 1 January 2012 to 30 April 2014

Objectives

The primary objectives of the action were to continue to create the conditions whereby Member States could cooperate successfully on market surveillance activities and to co-ordinate a number of product-specific market surveillance activities. The project results were disseminated to the largest number of European national authorities possible.

Threefold Structure

The Joint Market Surveillance Action on GPSD Products 2011 is a single Action that includes three groups of activities:

  • The method development activities purporting to develop methodologies and infrastructure that will support the market surveillance work in the Member States (and in PROSAFE).
  • The horizontal component focuses on a number of important issues including:
    • Improved coordination of all Joint Actions being managed by PROSAFE;
    • Maintenance, implementation and further development of the existing best practice;
    • Operation of existing systems such as the RAF, the Knowledge Base and initiatives promoting the continuous improvement of market surveillance, otherwise known as CIMS Reviews.
    • Further development and creation of new e-learning initiatives
    • The development of an operational protocol to deliver a 'Home Authority' solution for Europe together with the identification of other operational protocols, which may improve the efficiency and effectiveness market surveillance.
  • The product-specific activities aim to increase the safety of the following categories:

The Participants

Nineteen countries participated within the financial framework of the project.

The Final Report is available here.

Fireworks

The hazards related to fireworks are multiple and depend upon the sort of fireworks:

  • Non-compliant fuses may cause the fireworks to explode too close to the consumer because the fuse burning time is too short, or the consumer will be tempted to go back to reignite the article, if the fuse burning time is too long.
  • Fireworks with excessive net explosive contents compared to the standards will have too powerful effects that may harm consumers or damage properties.
  • Fireworks with uncontrollable flight may hit consumers or property causing wounds, burns or fire.
  • Burning or glowing debris from fireworks where the effect are released at a too low height may hit customers or property causing wounds, burns or fire.
  • Fireworks that produce too loud sound effects may cause temporary or permanent hearing damages.
  • In particular batteries and combinations may tilt when ignited resulting in shots being fired horizontally out between consumers where they can cause wounds, burns, blinding, eye injuries and hearing damages.

The primary focus of the activity was to develop best practices and exchange experience with the implementation of the new requirements of the Directive 2007/23/EC and/or EN 15947 and to build up a better understanding of the European market.

The following 10 Member States are participating in the Fireworks Activity: Belgium, Bulgaria, Denmark, Malta, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovenia, Sweden and the Netherlands. In addition Iceland participated out of the financial scheme.

The activity included market surveillance, sampling and testing and follow up based on the results. The participating member states have sampled the following fireworks from the market: 

  • Category 1 – Fountains;
  • Category 2 - Small batteries and combinations, small rockets;
  • Category 2/3 - Flash bangers and Roman candles.

Lawn Mowers

Lawn mowers are one of the most dangerous tools around the home. The nature of the accidents varies, but the injuries include deep cuts, amputation, broken and dislocated bones, burns, and eye and other injuries caused by stones an other object that are ejected from an operating lawn mower. Both users of mowers and nearby spectators can be injured.

The Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Latvia, the Netherlands, Norway (Leader), Portugal and Romania participated in this activity.

The objectives of the Lawn Mowers Activity was to ensure that the products available on the EU market for consumers are safe and that they carry the appropriate warnings and instructions. The focus was on developing best practices for market surveillance and on exchanging experience with carrying out market surveillance.

The Grant Agreement drew particular attention to robotic lawnmowers, but their sales were such a small portion of the EU market (<2%) that participants decided the programme needed to cover other types too: electric cordless, electric corded and petrol mowers.

The samples selected were tested against EN836, EN3744, EN20643, EN60335-2-77:2010, EN61000-2-3, IEC 60335-2-107.

Battery Chargers

The focus of the activity was to detect if dangerous products are present on the European market and, if yes, to remove them, to develop best practices and to exchange experience by carrying out market surveillance on such products.

The following 8 Member States are participating in the Battery Chargers Activity: Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Malta, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Slovenia and Sweden. Luxembourg participated out of the financial scheme.

The participants sampled and sent for testing power supply units, battery chargers and USB chargers. The purpose of the testing was to identify dangerous non-compliances so that a market surveillance authority can decide whether a specific product presents such a risk for consumers that action should be taken against it.

The standards applied for the tests are: EN 60950-1:2006; EN 60335-2-29:2004; EN 60065: 2002; EN 61558-2-7: 2007; EN 61558-2-16: 2009 including the relevant amendments. The tests focused on the requirements that are most important for the safety:

  • Electrical insulation
  • Clearances, creepage distances and solid insulation
  • Reliability of connections for live conductors to PCB
  • Mechanical strength
  • Resistance to fire
  • Touch current and protective conductor current
  • Electric strength

To name some of the main risks that may be expected from battery chargers: electric shock due to insufficient insulation or creepage or clearance distances; dimensional non compliances (e.g. insufficient thickness of sleeves on pins); mechanical resistance; lack of or insufficient instructions for use; instructions for use not in the local language. 

The activity has also developed a checklist, an Atlas on battery chargers  and instructions for inspections.

Child care articles - WCC and BBT

One of the product activities of the Joint Action 2011 (JA2011) is childcare articles (CCA). Twelve market surveillance authorities from Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Germany, Lithuania, The Netherlands, Portugal, Romania, Spain, Sweden and the UK participated in this project. Bosnia & Herzegovina, Finland, Malta and Poland also took part to varying degrees, however outside the financial scheme. The CCA Activity was task led by the Swedish Consumer Agency. The activities started during the first quarter of 2012 and ended in the first quarter of 2014.

This task members focused their work on two product-groups: Wheeled Child Conveyances (WCC) and Baby Bath Tubs (BBT).

Sampling and testing took place during 2013. Fifty-one wheeled child conveyances and forty-three baby bath tubs have been tested and final reports showing the results, conclusions and recommendations are available for easy download. Please click on each of the images below to get a copy of the reports.
Two separate technical core groups were developed due to the extensive work needed. Market surveillance authorities from Denmark, France, Germany, the Netherlands and Sweden took an active part in either one or both of these technical working groups.

This Activity tried to establish good contact and effective liaison with various external stakeholders throughout the project. Representatives from ANEC, CEN and ENPC were particularly active in this project.
Representatives from the European Commission, DG Health and Consumers, also took part in all CCA meetings. The whole project is co-funded by the European Union.

For more information on other child care articles tackled in other PROSAFE Joint Actions please check: JA2012 - CCA2 Highchairs and JA2013 - CCA3 Cots.

JA2011 BBT-Final Report            JA2011 WCC-Final Report