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Risk Assessment 

Market Surveillance Authorities (MSAs) use Risk Assessment (RA) to determine how dangerous a non-compliant product is.

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The process includes three phases:

  1. Compliance assessment - checking if the product complies with the safety requirements, by testing the product according to a (harmonised) standard;
  2. Risk Assessment to analyse the nature, probability and severity of the risks/harms associated with the non-compliant product;
  3. Risk Management - if the risk level is unacceptable, it is necessary take action to lower or remove the risk.

PROSAFE has been studying the application of RA since the first EMARS Joint Action in 2006 and continues to upgrade its RA methodology and guidelines in the context of all Joint Actions on product safety based on risk assessment method in the RAPEX Guidelines, DG GROW’s general risk assessment methodology, and in synergy with the relevant Administrative Cooperation (ADCO) groups. Emphasis is given on risks associated with products sold online.


The Risk Assessment method in a nutshell

Risk is severity multiplied by probability. The severity level is measured on a 4-level scale and probability is estimated using injury scenarios that establish a sequence of events that describes how the product hazard can cause an injury to the consumer.

The method presumes that all unsafe products can cause injuries. Harms to animals, property, environment, etc. are not considered.


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Knowledge Base: Risk Assessment

                                              -  A Guide on how to use the RA templates




Choose an e-learning module on risk assessment:

Risk Image
Understanding Risk Assessment
This course tries to give a basic understanding of risk assessment for consumer products and describes the steps needed to assess the risk within a given product.
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 EN: GB     HR: Croatia flag     LT:  Latvia flag     LV: Lithuania

Case Study
Risk Assessment Case Studies
These case studies will help you to better understand how risk assessment is performed in practice. Try out these cases studies to further improve your aptitude in risk assessment.
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 EN: GB     HR: Croatia flag

Acoustic toysRisk Assessment of Acoustic Toys
This course tries to specifically focus on RA of acoustic toys. It is primarily based on expertise and experiences developed during an EU-funded JA activity for market surveillance authorities coordinated by PROSAFE around 2015.
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 EN:GB     HR:Croatia flag

Challenges RA
Challenges in Risk Assessment
This course will try to highlight the most common challenges faced when performing risk assessment of consumer products.
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 EN:GB     HR:Croatia flag


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